Renter Costs

This section focuses on how Ohio's renters are able to balance housing costs compared to income. When renters spend more than 30% of their income on housing, they risk being unable to afford other necessities, such as food and healthcare. Rent burden places people into a precarious position, in which any unexpected cost, such as a car repair, may risk their housing stability.


Section Highlights:

  • Adjusted for inflation, median gross rent increased by 5% over from $729 per month in the 2008–2012 five-year period to $764 per month in 2013–2017.
  • The increase in income for the 80th percentile outpaces the increase in rents, but those incomes at the 20th percentile have lagged since 2008.
  • Between 2013 and 2017, nearly half (46%) of Ohio's renters experienced housing cost burden, and almost a quarter (24%) experienced severe housing cost burden.
  • All 88 counties have a shortage of rental housing for ELI renters, and only 14 counties are meeting more than half of local need.
  • More than half (57%) of black or African American renters faced housing cost burden in the 2013 to 2017 period, and one-in-three were severely cost burdened.

Jump to: Maps | Visualizations | Tables & Reports | Notes | Sources


County Maps

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Median Monthly Gross Rent

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Tables B25003 and B25064

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Change in Median Gross Rent

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B25064; Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Share of Households Participating in HEAP

2018 Home Energy Assistance Program (HEAP) data, Ohio Development Service Agency (public data request); 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B25003

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Median Gross Rent as Share of Income

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B25071

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Affordable & Available Units Per 100 ELI Renters

Source: 2011–2015 Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy data, Tables 14B and 15C

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Affordable & Available Units Per 100 VLI Renters

Source: 2011–2015 Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy data, Tables 14B and 15C

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Prevelance of Severe Rent Burden

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Tables B25070 and B25106


Data Visualizations

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Average Monthly Renter Utility Costs By Type

Source: IPUMS-USA, University of Minnesota; Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Change in Median Gross Rent and Selected Income Levels Since 2006

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Tables B19080 and B25064; Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Affordable Units Per 100 Renters for Ohio & Neighboring States By Income

Source: The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable Homes, March 2019, National Low Income Housing Coalition (based on the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample File)

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Affordable & Available Units Per 100 Renters By Typology & Income

Source: 2011–2015 Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy data, Tables 14B and 15C; OHFA 2018–2019 USR Opportunity Index, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Government-Assisted Renters in Ohio & Comparison States

Source: 2015 American Housing Survey, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Prevelance of Severe Rent Burden for the United States & Ohio

Source: 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Tables B25070 and B25106

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Prevelance of Severe Rent Burden for Ohio & Neighboring States

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Tables B25070 and B25106

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Prevalence of Severe Rent Burden By Typology

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Tables B25070 and B25106; OHFA 2018–2019 USR Opportunity Index, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Prevalence of Severe Rent Burden By Race & Ethnicity

Source: 2011–2015 Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy data, Table 9


Downloadable Tables

Related Reports


Notes

Gross Rent includes utility costs, defined as electricity, natural gas, water, and/or sewer bills.

Unless otherwise stated, all dollar amounts are in real 2017 dollars, adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for "all items less shelter."

Home Energy Assistance Program (HEAP) data includes both owner- and renter-occupied households.

"Extremely Low-Income" (ELI) is defined as those with incomes at or below the federal poverty level or 30% of area median income, whichever is greater. "Very Low-Income" (VLI) is defined as those with incomes at or below 50% of area median income, including ELI households. Affordability is based on the common standard that households should not spend more than 30% of their income on housing. Rental units are both "affordable and available" to renters in a specific income group if the gross rent meets the 30% affordability threshold and they are either available for rent or occupied by households with incomes at or below the defined income level.

Typologies are defined by the Kirwan Institute at the census tract level, and are based on a combination of road network density, housing density, population density and age of housing.

American Housing Survey data are based on self-reported information.

"Severe housing cost burden" means a household is spending at least 50 percent of household income on gross rent or has no income. AMI refers to area median income as defined by HUD.


Data Sources