Income and Labor

This section gives information on Ohio's economic indicators, such as poverty rates, income levels and unemployment rates. These provide important context on how Ohioans are faring financially, and how that may impact their ability to afford housing.


Section Highlights:

  • In 2017 the median household income in Ohio was a little over $54,000 per year. While the inflation-adjusted median grew steadily over the prior six years, it had yet to return to pre-recession levels.
  • The income gap between the lowest quintile of earners and the highest quintile of earners grew between 2009 and 2015. While the increase in the gap has leveled out, Ohio has a higher grap now than in 2006.
  • The poverty rate in Ohio fell from 2011 to 2017. The percentage of households living below the federal poverty level was highest in the urban cores of Ohio's cities; more than double the state average (31%).
  • Ohio's children are more likely than adultsto live in poverty; 19.8% of children and 22.8% of children under 5 are living in households below the federal poverty level (FPL), compared to 13.9% overall.
  • Black Ohioans were nearly three times likelier to live in poverty than non-Hispanic white Ohioans (32% compare to 12%). One in five black Ohioans lived in a racially or ethnically concentrated area of poverty.

Jump to: Maps | Visualizations | Tables & Reports | Notes | Sources


County Maps

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Median Household Income

Source: 2017 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Change in Inflation-Adjusted Median Household Income, 2007 to 2017

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau; Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Income Gap Ratio, 80th & 20th Percentiles

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B19080

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Poverty Rate

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Child Poverty Rate

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Unemployment Rate

Source: Local Area Unemployment Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2018 Annual Average)


Data Visualizations

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Household Income Distribution By Tenure

Source: IPUMS-USA, University of Minnesota (based on 2017 data)

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Median Household Income

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Income Gap Ratio, 80th & 20th Percentiles

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Table B19080

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Poverty Rates for the United States & Ohio

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Poverty Rates for the Ohio & Neighboring States

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Poverty Rate By Typology

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B17001; OHFA 2018–2019 USR Opportunity Index, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Child Poverty Rates for the United States & Ohio By Age

Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Child Poverty Rates for Ohio & Neighboring States By Age

Source: 2017 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Child Poverty Rate By Age & Typology

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B17001; OHFA 2018–2019 USR Opportunity Index, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Monthly Unemployment Rates for the United States & Ohio

Source: Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey and Local Area Unemployment Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Unemployment Rates for Ohio & Neighboring States

Source: Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey and Local Area Unemployment Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2018 Annual Average)

Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.

Unemployment Rate By Typology

Source: 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B17001; OHFA 2018–2019 USR Opportunity Index, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University


Downloadable Tables

Related Reports


Notes

Unless otherwise stated, all dollar amounts are in real 2017 dollars, adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for "all items less shelter."

Poverty status can only be determined for individuals in households and therefore the denominator excludes individuals living in group quarters such as college dormitories, correctional facilities and nursing homes.

Typologies are defined by the Kirwan Institute at the census tract level, and are based on a combination of road network density, housing density, population density and age of housing.

The unemployment level is the estimated number of people in the civilian labor force 16 years and over who are jobless, actively seeking work and available to take a job. The unemployment rate is the unemployment level divided by the total civilian labor force 16 years and over. Annual averages are based on monthly estimates. Due to averaging, the county numbers do not add up to the statewide total.


Data Sources