This section benchmarks how Ohio is doing in comparison to other states when it comes to providing affordable and accessible housing. It takes metrics from every other section of the Housing Needs Assessment and looks at how the state stacks up against Ohio's neighbors.
- In 2022 Ohio had by far the lowest homeownership rate among neighboring states (66%), but on par with the national rate. Ohio also had the lowest Black homeownership rate compared to neighboring states (36%).
- Ohio renters spent the least amount of income on rent (28%) compared to neighboring states in 2021, and less than the national average (31%).
- In 2021 one-in-three 19-year-olds transitioning out of foster care in Ohio (or 32%) reported experiencing homelessness in the prior two years, which is the highest share among Ohio's neighboring states and a considerably higher likelihood than the national average (21%). At the same time, Ohio's cohort of 17-year-olds exiting foster care is far less likely (16%) to have recently experienced homelessness and less likely than the national cohort at that age (21%).
- Compared to neighboring states, Ohio had greatest increase in private residential construction between 2017 and 2022 (+29.4%); also, greater than the national average (+28.9%).
- In 2020 the infant mortality gap between children born to Black and white mothers in Ohio (8.2 per mille points) was the second largest among neighboring states, and larger than the national gap (5.5). This was due in part to Ohio having the one of the highest Black infant mortality rates in the United States (13 deaths per 1,000 live births).
- In 2021 the poverty gap between Black and white Ohioans (17 percentage points) was wider than the gaps in all neighboring states, as well as the national gap (12).
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Share of Adults with Student Loan Debt
Source: Debt in America: An Interactive Map, Urban Institute (based on 2022 data)
Severe Mortgage Burden
Source: 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Table B25091
Source: 2022 Current Population Survey/Housing Vacancy Survey (CPS/HVS), U.S. Census Bureau
Homeownership Gap, White & Black Householders
Source: 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Tables B25003A & B25003B
Severe Rent Burden
Source: 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Tables B25070 & B25106
Affordable & Available Ratio by Income
Source: The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable Homes, March 2023, National Low Income Housing Coalition (based on 2021 one-year estimates)