FY 2021 Housing Needs Assessment Sections:

Executive Summary Table of Contents Homeownership Rental Housing Home Energy & Transportation Housing Insecurity Housing Stock Income & Labor Demographics How Ohio Compares COVID-19

Demographics

This section details the general population trends within Ohio, as well as specific segments of the population that are at particular risk for housing challenges or housing insecurity. Population changes shape the demand of housing and provide insight into what types of housing are most needed. For example, a growing percentage of older adults and persons with disabilities means a need for accessible housing may be higher.


Section Highlights

  • Ohio's population grew by 1.3% between 2010 and 2019. Much of this growth happened in suburbs and Central Ohio (+2.4% and +11% respectively), while urban cores and Southeast Ohio saw a decline (–1.5% and –2.6% respectively).
  • Ohio's older adult population (31% in 2018) had been growing rapidly after 2000 (22%) but has been slowing down. Demographers predict the percentage of Ohioans aged 55 and over will peak by 2030 at 32%. Central Ohio's older adult population is expected to see the most growth by 2030 (+17%), while Southeast Ohio is expected to see a decline (–3.2%).
  • Many older adults live alone; one out of every nine Ohio households – or over half a million – houses a single adult aged 65 or over, which adds substantial challenges to maintaining the cost and upkeep of a home.
  • Ohio's oldest veterans face substantial housing cost burden. One-in-five veteran mortgage holders aged 75 and over (20%) were severely cost burdened in 2018, while 31% of veteran renters in that age group experienced severe rent burden.
  • One-in-six Ohio adults (17%) were disabled in 2018. The prevalence of disability in Ohio has been generally increasing since 2008 and has consistently been above the national average (15% in 2018).
  • There were 525 fair housing discrimination cases closed in Ohio in 2019, a 66% increase from the prior year. Most of these complaints (62%) involved discrimination on the basis of disability.

Jump to: Population Change | Median Age & Age Groups | Aging | Household & Family Type | Household Size | Race & National Origin | Veterans | Persons with Disabilities & Substance Abuse | Infant Mortality Rate | Fair Housing Discrimination


Please be advised that the following maps and data visualizations are provided for informational purposes only. Load times will vary depending on your internet connection speed. To download the data for a specific map or data visualization, first click in the white space of the graphic, click the "Download" button below and then click "Data" in the menu that pops up. You may also access most of the data through the downloadable tables in Excel posted lower down on the page.



Population Change


Change in Population in the United States & Ohio

Source: Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau


Change in Population by Region

Source: Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Change in Population

Source: Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Change in Population by Typology

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B01003



Median Age & Age Groups


Population Distribution by Age & Sex

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Median Age for the United States & Ohio

Source: Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Population by Age Group

Source: Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau



Median Age

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureauc

Population by Age Group & Region

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Share of Population Under 18

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Share of Population 55 & Over

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau



Aging


Projected Share of Population 55 & Over by Age

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau; Population Characteristics and Projections, Ohio Development Services Agency (based on 2018 projections)



Projected Share of Population 55 & Over by Region

Source: Population Characteristics and Projections, Ohio Development Services Agency (based on 2018 projections)

Projected Share of Population 55 & Over

Source: Population Characteristics and Projections, Ohio Development Services Agency (based on 2018 projections)

Projected Change in Population 55 & Over by Region

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau; Population Characteristics and Projections, Ohio Development Services Agency (based on 2018 projections)

Projected Change in Population 55 & Over

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau; Population Characteristics and Projections, Ohio Development Services Agency (based on 2018 projections)



Household & Family Type


Householders 65 & Over & Living Alone, U.S. & Ohio

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Table B11007




Householders 65 & Over & Living Alone by Region

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Table B11007

Householders 65 & Over & Living Alone

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B11007

Families with Children as Share of Households

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Tables B25009 & B25115

Households by Type & Typology

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Tables B25009 & B25115

Single Mothers with Children as Share of Renters

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B25115

Renter Households by Type & Typology

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B25115



Household Size


Average Household Size in the United States & Ohio

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Tables B17001 & B25003

Average Household Size by Typology

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Tables B17001 & B25003



Race & National Origin



People of Color by Race & Ethnicity

Source: Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Foreign Born by World Region of Origin

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Tables B05002 & B05006

Refugee Arrivals to the U.S. & Ohio per Million

Source: Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System, U.S. Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration

Refugee Arrivals by World Region of Origin

Source: Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System, U.S. Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration



People of Color by Race, Ethnicity & Region

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

People of Color as Share of Population

Source: 2018 Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

Foreign Born by World Region of Origin & Ohio Region

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Tables B05002 & B05006

Foreign Born as Share of Population

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Table B05002



Veterans


Severe Homeowner Cost Burden, Veterans, by Age

Source: IPUMS USA, University of Minnesota (based on 2018 data)

Severe Rent Burden for Veterans by Age

Source: IPUMS USA, University of Minnesota (based on 2018 data)




Veterans as Share of Civilian Adults by Region

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B21001

Veterans as Share of Civilian Adults

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, Table B21001

Severe Homeowner Cost Burden, Veterans, by Region

Source: IPUMS USA, University of Minnesota (based on 2014–2018 five-year estimates)

Severe Rent Burden for Veterans by Region

Source: IPUMS USA, University of Minnesota (based on 2014–2018 five-year estimates)



Persons With Disabilities & Substance Abuse



Disability Prevalence Rates for the U.S. & Ohio

Source: American Community Survey (ACS) One-Year Estimates, Table B18101

Housing Problems for Disabled Renters

Source: 2012–2016 Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS) data, Table 6

Opiate Overdose Mortality Rates for the U.S. & Ohio

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health; Health United States, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, CDC; Population and Housing Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau



Disability Prevalence Rate by Region

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Table B18101

Disability Prevalence Rate

Source: 2014–2018 American Community Survey (ACS) Five-Year Estimates, 2018 ACS One-Year Estimates, Table B18101

Opiate Overdose Mortality Rate by Region

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health (based on 2018 data)

Opiate Overdose Mortality Rate

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health (based on cumulative data from 2014 to 2018)



Infant Mortality Rate


Infant Mortality Rates for the United States & Ohio

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health; National Vital Statistics Reports, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Infant Mortality Rate Gap, Black & White

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health


Infant Mortality Rate by Region

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health (based on cumulative data from 2009 to 2018)

Infant Mortality Rate

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health (based on cumulative data from 2009 to 2018)

Infant Mortality Gap, Black & White, by Region

Source: Ohio Public Health Data Warehouse, Ohio Department of Health (based on cumulative data from 2009 to 2018)



Fair Housing Discrimination


Fair Housing Discrimination Cases Closed by Basis

Source: Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (public data request)

Fair Housing Discrimination Cases Closed by Region

Source: Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (public data request, as of December 31, 2019)


Downloadable Tables

Related Reports


Notes

According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, refugees are people who have fled their country of origin to escape a war or due to a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, social status, or politics, and have been awarded special protective status. Only a small fraction of the world's refugee population is considered for final resettlement in the United States. The U.S. Department of State then helps match refugees with local resettlement agencies around the country. Refugee arrivals count the number of refugees initially resettled by the State Department and do not reflect secondary migration.

Opiates, or opioids, include the illegal drug heroin, the synthetic drug fentanyl and pain medications available legally by prescription, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine and morphine. The uninentional opiate overdose mortality rate is the number of deaths per 100,000 population and is a crude rate (i.e., not age-adjusted).

The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths (before the first birthday) per 1,000 live births in the year prior.

Death counts are suppressed at the county level if fewer than 10. Rates based on fewer than 20 deaths are considered unreliable and are thus also suppressed.

Bases of discrimination are defined in Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (a.k.a., the Fair Housing Act). "Familial status" refers to discrimination based on the presence of children under 18 years of age. "Sex" includes discrimination on the basis of sex, gender identity or sexual orientation. "Retaliation" is defined as punishment by a landlord—such as non-renewal of a lease or threats of eviction—in response to a previously filed fair housing complaint. Individual cases can have more than one basis of discrimination.

World Regions are defined by the U.S. Department of State at the country level.

Ohio Regions are defined by the Ohio Development Services Agency at the county level. Regional estimates based on IPUMS USA data are calculated using a geographic correspondence file from the Missouri Census Data Center at the University of Missouri to "crosswalk" the data from Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) to counties.

Typologies are defined at the census tract level in the OHFA 2018–2019 USR Opportunity Index by the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at The Ohio State University. They are based on a combination of road network density, housing density, population density and age of housing.

NH = non-Hispanic.


Data Sources